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Polish and the weather. How to discuss weather in Polish.

Ale piękna pogoda dzisiaj, nieprawda?
Such a beautiful weather today, isn’t? 
Weather – we all talk about it and we check it every day. It’s one of the best ways to start a conversation with a stranger and if you are learning Polish, a great topic for practising your conversation skills.
In this post I’m going to tell you what you need to know to talk about weather in Polish, so you can jump into conversations with Poles.

Formulating  questions

Let’s start with a basic one that you may ask yourself opening your wardrobe pondering what to put on:
Jaka jest pogoda? What’s the weather like?
Jaka jest prognoza pogody? What’s the weather forecast?
Remember that for asking a question regarding a characteristic of something, in this case pogoda, we need to use a question word jaki/jaka/jakie.  Don’t be tempted to translate directly from English and starting your question with co
If you want to know what the temperature is, use again jaka (jaka jest temperatura?) or for being more specific use question word  ile and ask about degrees Celsius:
Ile jest dzisiaj stopni? – What’s the temperature today?
Jest minus 5 – It’s minus 5
Jest 20 stopni powyżej zera / poniżej zera – it’s 20 degrees above /below zero

Słońce i deszcz

Nouns

Let’s start with nouns related to the weather. In any thematic dictionary you will find a section dedicated to weather. You can start learning from common words as deszcz (rain), sun (słońce) to more specific as szron (frost) or ulewa (downpour)
Here you have some basic examples:
Słońce – sun
Deszcz – rain
Chmura – cloud
Mgła – fog
Burza – strom
Śnieg – snow
Grad – hail 
Wiatr – wind
Piękna pogoda!

Adjectives

To describe the weather, we definitely need some describing words – adjectives.
Dzisiaj jest słoneczna /piękna / ładna / brzydka / paskudna pogoda.
Today is beautiful/ nice /nasty /foul weather.
An adjective describes a noun eg. pogoda and answers the question jaki/jaka/jakie: what type of. Adjectives need to agree in gender with the noun that they describe. Pogoda is feminine, but if you want to talk about dzień (the day), apply a masculine ending:
Dzisiaj jest słoneczny /piękny / ładny / brzydki / paskudny dzień.
Today is a beautiful/ nice /nasty /foul day.

Jest słonecznie 

Adverbs

When talking about the weather, knowing some adverbs is a must. Adverbs are words such as zimno (cold),  pochmurno (cloudy) and they give us more information about the verbs. In opposition to adjectives, adverbs don’t change endings.
They  answer the question jak : Jak jest dzisiaj? How is it today?
Jest słonecznie /gorąco /bezchmurnie /zimno /pochmurno/wietrznie
It’s sunny /hot /cloudless/cold/ cloudy/windy

Pada deszcz

Verbs

Let’s add some more action words to you weather repertoire: 
Świecić – świeci słońce
To shine – The sun shines
Padać – pada deszcz/śnieg/grad
To fall – it rains / it snow /it hails
In Polish we use padać adding what is falling from the sky.
Wiać  – wieje wiatr
To blow – the wind blows
Przejaśniać się – to clear up
Wczoraj było ładnie, jutro będzie deszcz.

Tenses

Weather is an all time present topic in our life and we comment on yesterday’s weather , last Summer, we talk about today’s  weather and obviously we watch the forecast to find out what the weather will be in the future. 
Było gorąco / Jest gorąco / Będzie gorąco
It was hot/ It’s hot / it will be hot 
Some more examples for  you:
Wczoraj cały dzień padało – Yesterday it was raining the whole day.
W niedzielę była piękna pogoda – On Sunday, the weather was beautiful
Dzisiaj jest okropny dzień. Pada deszcz Today is a terrible day. It rains.
Jaka będzie pogoda w weekend? What will the weather be this weekend?
Będzie świecić słońce – It will be sunny tomorrow.
W środę będzie padać 

Timing

Revise days of the week w poniedziałek (on Monday), w sobotę (on Saturday) and time expressions jutro (tomorrow), pojutrze (the day after tomorrow), w przyszłym tygodniu ( next week), w zeszłym tygodniu (last week)  and you will be ready to talk about pogoda
You can also comment on the season you are currently in:
Mamy gorące lato /mroźną zimę 
We have a hot summer /  a very cold winter 

Watching  weather forecast

A good idea is to watch the weather forecast and see how much you can understand. 
It can be tricky to pick everything, especially if you have only started and are not familiar with many things. Plus often pogodynki (pogodynka– female tv weather presenter) speak very quickly. To start, you can try to pick up single words. When your Polish improves you will understand whole sentences.

TO TAKE AWAY

In this post I wanted to give you some ideas on how to prepare for talking about the weather. Remember, in your conversations you don’t need to know every word related to weather. Start with the most commonly used, then you can expand your vocabulary and learn new words depending on the current season and weather where you live. Take it in chunks!

 

If you want to converse with Poles, arm yourself in useful sentences watching short videos on my Youtube channel.
28/02/2020

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